- The LORD said to Moses,
- "Consecrate to me every firstborn male.
The first offspring of every womb among the Israelites belongs to me, whether
man or animal."
- Then Moses said to the people, "Commemorate
this day, the day you came out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery, because
the LORD brought you out of it with a mighty hand. Eat nothing containing
- Today, in the month of Abib, you are leaving.
- When the LORD brings you into the land of
the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites and Jebusites -- the land he swore
to your forefathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey -- you
are to observe this ceremony in this month:
- For seven days eat bread made without yeast
and on the seventh day hold a festival to the LORD.
- Eat unleavened bread during those seven
days; nothing with yeast in it is to be seen among you, nor shall any yeast
be seen anywhere within your borders.
- On that day tell your son, 'I do this because
of what the LORD did for me when I came out of Egypt.'
- This observance will be for you like a sign
on your hand and a reminder on your forehead that the law of the LORD is to
be on your lips. For the LORD brought you out of Egypt with his mighty hand.
- You must keep this ordinance at the appointed
time year after year.
- "After the LORD brings you into the
land of the Canaanites and gives it to you, as he promised on oath to you
and your forefathers,
- you are to give over to the LORD the first
offspring of every womb. All the firstborn males of your livestock belong
to the LORD.
- Redeem with a lamb every firstborn donkey,
but if you do not redeem it, break its neck. Redeem every firstborn among
- "In days to come, when your son asks
you, 'What does this mean?' say to him, 'With a mighty hand the LORD brought
us out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.
- When Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us
go, the LORD killed every firstborn in Egypt, both man and animal. This is
why I sacrifice to the LORD the first male offspring of every womb and redeem
each of my firstborn sons.'
- And it will be like a sign on your hand
and a symbol on your forehead that the LORD brought us out of Egypt with his
- When Pharaoh let the people go, God did
not lead them on the road through the Philistine country, though that was
shorter. For God said, "If they face war, they might change their minds
and return to Egypt."
- So God led the people around by the desert
road toward the Red Sea. The Israelites went up out of Egypt armed for battle.
- Moses took the bones of Joseph with him
because Joseph had made the sons of Israel swear an oath. He had said, "God
will surely come to your aid, and then you must carry my bones up with you
from this place."
- After leaving Succoth they camped at Etham
on the edge of the desert.
- By day the LORD went ahead of them in a
pillar of cloud to guide them on their way and by night in a pillar of fire
to give them light, so that they could travel by day or night.
- Neither the pillar of cloud by day nor the
pillar of fire by night left its place in front of the people.